Elizabethtown College Syllabus

EGR 343
Green Architectural Engineering


Fall 2014

 REVISED 10/1/14 (mostly for EBOLA Epidemic in Africa)

REVISED 10/9/14 (for surrounding EBOLA Clinic facilities)

REVISED 10/15/14 (for emergency worldwide response by others)


Joseph T Wunderlich PhD

Associate Chair and Associate Professor of Engineering

Program Coordinator for Computer Engineering Major and Architectural Studies Minor

Director of the Design & Technology-Transfer Studio


Office: Esbenshade 160C and E273, Department of Engineering & Physics
Office Phone: 717-361-1295

Cell: 717-368-9715
Web site: http://users.etown.edu/w/wunderjt

Office Hours and Calendar: http://users.etown.edu/w/wunderjt/schedules/CALENDAR3_f14_web.htm



State-of-the-art green architectural engineering methods for residential, commercial, and industrial real-estate development in industrialized countries. Green building design methods for heating, cooling, lighting, power generation & distribution, water-management, indoor air-quality control, and noise abatement. Green construction methods. Green building standards including local building codes, zoning ordinances, and national and international standards. Case studies from the simplest Amish homes to state-of-the-art US, EU, and Asian green architectures. *Co-requisite: Physics III or permission of instructor. Fall semester, even-numbered years. Prof. Wunderlich.  Course Credit & Contact Hours: 3, 3


Times Tuesday, Thursday 11:00am -12:15pm



1.     LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards

2.     Introduction to Architectural Engineering thermodynamics

3.     Passive solar design for green buildings

4.     Overview of active solar design for green buildings (mostly covered in EGR276)

5.     Passive cooling design

6.     Introduction to site engineering (mostly covered in EGR275)

7.     Introduction to Landscape Architecture

8.     Introduction to Architectural Engineering illumination design

9.     Introduction to Architectural Engineering HVAC (Heating Ventilating & Air Conditioning) design

10.   Abatement of environmental hazards in buildings

11.   Introduction to Architectural Engineering acoustical design

Learning Outcomes

ABET (Accrediting Board for Engineering and Technology) requires all engineering programs to cover:

1.     (ABET-a): An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering.

2.     (ABET-b): An ability to design and construct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data.

3.     (ABET-c): An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs.

4.     (ABET-d): An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams

5.     (ABET-e): Identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems

6.     (ABET-f):  An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility

7.     (ABET-g): Communicate effectively orally and in writing

8.     (ABET-h): A broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context

9.     (ABET-i): A recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning  

10.   (ABET-j): A knowledge of contemporary issues

11.   (ABET-k): An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.

This course has been determined to contribute to these outcomes as follows (pre-2014/15 scale) with “c” sampled for ABET:























5 = Very strong support of ABET Program Outcome

4 = Strong support of ABET Program Outcome

3 = Moderate support of ABET Program Outcome

2 = Weak support of ABET Program Outcome

1 = Little or no support of ABET Program Outcome


This course has been determined to contribute to these outcomes as follows (2014/15 scale):























3 = Very strong support of ABET Program Outcome


Required Textbooks:

·          Norbert Lechner, Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable Design Methods for Architects, 2007, Wiley; 3rd edition, November 24, 2008 (ISBN: 978047004809) available in book store (Required purchase).

·          Joan Whaley Gallup, Wellness Centers: A Guide for the Design Professional, Wiley; 1 edition, April 26, 1999, (ISBN: 978-0471253372) - Excerpts distributed

·          AIA Graphics Standards (several versions) – excerpts distributed


Other Readings:

·          Various LEED documentation (handed-outs and web references)

·          “Sweets Catalog on-line”: http://sweets.construction.com/

·          Selected excerpts on related Architectural Engineering topics (handed-outs and web references)




 2%  Homework

25%  Medical Health Center Design of 50 clinics in Sierra Leone

            POSTER via email: October 29th 11:30pm, Talk (poster on screen): October 30th at 11:00am

  8%  Elizabethtown College Wellness Center architectural design “program” and site plan

25%  Comprehensive Exam (November 25th, 11:00am)

10%  Elizabethtown College Wellness Center Design Poster (December 2nd, 11:30pm)

30%  Elizabethtown College Wellness Center Design Presentation and Paper (December 10th, 2:00pm)


Course Grade:
(60-62)=D-, (63-67)=D, (68-69)=D+, (70-72)=C-, (73-77)=C, (78-79)=C+, (80-82)=B-, (83-87)=B, (88-89)=B+, (90-92)=A-, (93-100)=A
(with any fractional part rounded to the nearest integer)



(throughout semester):

·         LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design)

o    U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)

·         International standards, conventions, and environmental laws

·         U.S. building codes and zoning ordinances

·         Passive House Institute: http://www.passivehouse.us/passiveHouse/PHIUSHome.html 

·         AIA (American Institute of Architects) standards

·         Case Studies from Italy: http://users.etown.edu/w/wunderjt/home_personal_ITALY_ALL.html

·         Case Studies from Japan: http://users.etown.edu/w/wunderjt/2013_Japan_Hawaii_California_SHORTENED.pdf

·         Net-Zero Design: http://gettingtozeroforum.org/2013/08/07/learning-and-living-zero-energy-the-education-sector-leads-the-way-2/

·         Selected new case studies as they arise 

 (Week 1,2,3,4,5) Introduction to architectural sustainable design

·         Fundamentals (including an overview of thermodynamics)

·         Human “comfort”

·         Climate

·         Overview of key architectural sustainable design concepts

·         Selected case studies

o    Wellness Truck Design: http://users.etown.edu/w/wunderjt/To_Stakeholders.pdf

o    Other Etown Social Enterprise Institute projects

(Week 6) Introduction to site engineering (mostly covered in EGR276)

(Week 6,7) Introduction to landscape architecture and urban design

·         Paths, Edges, Nodes, Districts, and Landmarks in Japanese Urban Design (Environmental Design)

·         Natural Rain-Water Collection

 (Week 7,8,9) Solar design for green architectures and landscape architectures

·         Fundamentals

·         Passive solar design

·         Overview of Active solar design

o    Typical Photovoltiac (PV) Design (mostly covered in EGR276)

o    Non-typical PV methods

o    Non-PV methods

(Week 9,10) Architectural Passive cooling design

(Week 9,10) Architectural Passive heating design

(Week 10,11,12) Introduction to architectural engineering lighting design

·         Architectural Natural Daylighting design

·         Introduction to illumination engineering

(Week 13) Introduction to architectural engineering HVAC (Heating Ventilating & Air Conditioning)

(Week 14) EXAM, Thanksgiving

(Week 15) Introduction to architectural engineering acoustical engineering

(Week 15) Abatement of environmental hazards in buildings


Changes: This schedule provides a guideline for expectations; minor changes may be made during the semester






with a triage tent outside facility to Screen Ebola Patients

Group Size:  EXACTLY THREE (therefore six teams)

Due Date:  POSTER via email: Wednesday, October 29th 11:30pm, Talk ( poster projected on screen): Thursday, October 30th at 11:00am

Submission Method:  Hardcopy (and everything into Digication Portfolios for all Engineering Majors)

Grading Method:  Curved

Late penalty: -25% immediately, -25% for each class period after that

On Wednesday, September 24th 2014, Elizabethtown College’s Design & Technology-Transfer Studio was visited by Benjamin Parra, Executive Director of Healey International Relief Foundation, and Father Peters, Head of Catholic Charities in Sierra Leone; They gave a talk on the Ebola Epidemic in Sierra Leone, Africa; and the Design Studio was asked to design 50 clinics ASAP. Also, Ishmeal Charles Healey, In-Country Executive Director for Healey, was on our College campus testifying to the US congress via a teleconference about the urgent need for US help. Healey International (owner of Viking Yachts) and Catholic Charities are funding this project (SEE http://hirf.net/archives/1099 ). “Engineers Without Borders” ( http://www.ewb-usa.org/ ) in Allentown ( http://www.ewb-lvp.org/get_involved.html ) is designing infrastructure (land development), so your design starts at ten feet from the building.


Using Revit, design a PRIMARY CARE Center for treating patients without EBOLA in Sierra Leone, and ensure that it is appropriate for 50 Centers at locations throughout the country (i.e., varying climates); Screen all patients for Ebola in a triage tent outside your facility, and redirect them to nearby emergency ebola treatment centers if needed

1.        Learn about EBOLA from the Center for Disease Control (CDC): http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/

2.        Read news about Ebola and Sierra Leone:

a.        PBS Frontline: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/ebola-outbreak/

b.        MOST CURRENT NEWS (up to the hour):

                                                                i.      (The Guardian): http://www.theguardian.com/world/sierraleone

                                                               ii.      (topix): http://www.topix.com/topstories/ebola

c.        9/27/14 News: American Doctor Exposed to Ebola in Sierra Leone Admitted to NIH http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/ebola-virus-outbreak/american-doctor-exposed-ebola-sierra-leone-admitted-nih-n213206

d.        9/18/15 BBC News: Sierra Leone profile http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094194 

3.        Learn the country of Sierra Leone:

a.        "CIA World Factbook:" https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html


4.        Learn about Africa’s people, places, and buildings (including a hospital and lumber yard) from Dr. DeGoede’s e-portfolio experiences in the Gambia (very similar to Sierra Leone): https://etown.digication.com/degoede/Main/published

5.        Submit ELECTRONICALLY (and put in your Digication Portfolio if you are an Engineer) a POSTER with the following:

a.        A Revit floor plan (labeled) made from the attached floor plan supplied by the client (without walls shown extending out from outside walls for the purpose of dimensioning); USE THE EXACT DIMENSIONS SPECIFIED. Also show size and location of the Ebola check-station tent outside your facility.

b.        Revit building Elevations (all four sides) – research and create appropriate interior and exterior walls, a floor, and a roof for what can be made in this third world country with local materials and local labor. Keep the building only one story tall. Also show the Ebola check-station triage tent outside your facility.

c.        A concise outline specification including a thoroughly researched list of exact materials feasible to be used for the building foundation, walls, roof, doors, windows, lighting (natural and artificial), ventilation (natural and artificial), electricity generation method, plumbing, furnishings, and medical equipment. Minimize all porous surfaces -- i.e., specify resilient materials and furnishing that can be easily decontaminated

d.        List materials per CSI (Construction Specifiers Institute) Masterspec Divisions (http://www.constructionnotebook.com/ipin2/CSIDivisions.asp ):

Division 1 General Requirements

·         Building Codes not yet known

·         Assume seismic and wind loads are minimal

·         Assume all materials need to handled by hand (i.e., no lifts or cranes)

·         USE ONLY LOCAL MATERIALS IF POSSIBLE ! - Try to figure out where materials could be supplied from, and what can be made on-site. For items that cannot feasibly be manufactured in Sierra Leone, investigate materials in “Sweets Catalog”: http://sweets.construction.com/ - however you may be taking a big risk that those materials can’t be shipped to Sierra Leone (call manufacturers to verify)

Division 2 Site Construction

·         Assume site locations, site improvements, and location of building on each of the sites, will be determined by others; but assume that you can pick the orientation of the building on each of the 50 sites, and you should comment on whether or not you think buildings should be located near local rivers, lakes, or the ocean when possible – and how you imagine that water could, or possibly should-not be used on sites – and how you might need to protect that water from contamination from your building. Also, see below “NEW INFORMATION FOR EMERGENCY FACILITIES TO BATTLE EBOLA (10/9/14)” to understand the facilities supporting your design (i.e., where you will send Ebola patients).

Division 3 Concrete

·         Assume some kind of concrete is available and can be made on site

·         Design a finished floor that is sealed and can be easily hosed or mopped (consider a concrete slab – not just dirt-floor)

Division 4 Masonry

·         Assume mud-brick construction (made on-site or nearby) or concrete blocks - assume unreinforced masonry (i.e., no reinforcing steel)

·         Assume stone or ceramic tile available in limited varieties

Division 5 Metals

·         Assume some steel products available (nails, corrugated metal, angle-iron), but no large structural steel elements

Division 6 Woods and Plastics

·         Assume some kind of wood is available – likely rough-sawn logs into timbers for post & beam type construction, and some smaller-dimension items

Division 7 Thermal and Moisture Protection

·         Assume corrugated steel roofs over simple wood roof structure

·         Assume simple gutters and spouts available or can be fabricated (and collect rainwater!)

·         Assume no insulation required

Division 8 Doors and Windows

·         Keep this as simple as possible – surf for google images of Sierra Leone, and look for simplicity in windows and doors; windows need to be operable for ventilation

Division 9 Finishes

·         Assume some kind of plaster or stucco-type finishes available

·         Assume stone or ceramic tile available in limited varieties

·         Assume sealers and paints available to coat porous surfaces

·         Assume very simple ceilings, or none at all (i.e., open to roof structure)

Division 10 Specialties

·         Ensure maximum ventilation

Division 11 Equipment

·         Research feasible medical equipment for a third-world country – this is very important! – but only the basics for Primary Care

·         Don’t assume everything in a standard US medical facility is available – i.e., keep it very simple

Division 12 Furnishings

·         Research feasible medical facility type furnishings for a third-world country – this is very important!

·         Don’t assume everything in a standard US medical facility is available – i.e., keep it very simple

Division 13 Special Construction

·         Research special construction for sterilization and treatment room

·         Research “Hazardous Material Remediation”

·         Research Solar and Wind Energy Equipment options, but assume only 3 KWatts of Electricity will be able to be generated by the Photovoltaic’s (pV’s) you need to put on the roof

Division 14 Conveying Systems

·         Assume none

Division 15 Mechanical

·         Assume need to collect water from sinks

·         Assume septic system supplied up to building perimeter by Engineers Without Borders, but just for contaminated water and toilets for quarantined patients

·         Need clean water (supplied up to building perimeter by Engineers Without Borders); Supplement with rain-water collection

·         Need hot water, so design a way to heat it

·         Assume no Air Conditioning possible, only ceiling fans at most

Division 16 Electrical

·         Assume no electric grid available, but electricity is needed; and back-up power. But assume only 3 KWatts of Electricity will be able to be generated by the Photovoltaic’s (pV’s) you need to put on the roof.

e.        Submit POSTER electronocally, and put it in your Digication Portfolio if you are an Engineer; And give an 8 minute long talk using your poster (projected on screen)


Here is specifically what the clients asked for (even though we will be giving them more):


“Here is the layout of the St. Stephan's clinic in Sierra Leone.  We would appreciate if you can have an Etown intern or student prepare a CAD drawing with the setting of furniture, medical & other equipment.  Furniture & equipment would be similar to that of a primary care office in the US.  We would like you to design the waiting area as a physical and/or occupational therapy area, instead of a waiting room.  We plan to build a separate structure for the waiting area, since the clinic is located at an Amputee Village.


Exterior- length = 27 feet (8.1meter)

Width = 25 feet (7.5meter)

2.       ROOMS

Consultation Room

length 10 feet(3.003meter)

width  9 feet (2.7meter)

Observation Room

length 9 feet(2.7meter)

width  10 feet (3.003meter)

Sterilization Room

length 9 feet(2.7meter)

width  9 feet (2.7meter)

Waiting Room

length 13 feet(3.9meter)

width  10 feet (3.003meter)

3.       DOORS            

       Front door - width 5 feet(1.5meter)    

       Back door -  width 3 feet (0.9meter)

       Doors to the Rooms - width 3 feet (0.9meter)


Double windows -  width 6 feet 6inches (1.9meter)

Single Window -  width 3 feet 6inches (0.6meter)”



While adhering to the exact dimensions and room functionality given to us above by our client for your PRIMARY CARE structure that you design for 50 different sites around Sierra Leone, assume your building is located away from, BUT IN THE VICINITY OF, the "MSF Ebola Clinic" picture below, and that patients will be screened for ebola in a triage tent before entering your Primary Care Facility, then directed to the Ebola Clinic if needed.




Groups of three students. Project details to be defined in class.


SITE PLAN SKETCHES and INITIAL ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN PROGRAM PLAN: Due date to be announced. Late penalties apply. Include demographics, climate data, satellite images, LEED goals, etc.


POSTER Due Tuesday December 2nd 11:30pm. Late penalties apply. Use PowerPoint template supplied by professor.


FINAL PRESENTATION / DEFENSE: Due Wednesday December 10th 2:00pm (same day as paper). Late penalties apply. Use PowerPoint. It should take 8 to 10 minutes; Penalty applied if 12 minutes exceeded.


PAPER: Due date to be announced (same day as presentation). Late penalties apply. Must be in two-column, single-spaced, 10-point font using IEEE formatting dictated by: http://users.etown.edu/w/wunderjt/IEEE_CONF_PAPER_FORMATTING.pdf. The body of the paper should be 4 to 6 pages. Include:

·          An Abstract (one or two paragraphs)

·          An Introduction section

·          LEED self-assessment of your project (using an official LEED Rating form)

·          A number of discussion and design sections

·          A Conclusions section

·          A bibliography (a list of citations) – call it “References.” Excessive use of Wikipedia and non-scholarly citations will be penalized. See: http://www2.etown.edu/library/scholarlyjournals.htm (USE LIBRARY and GOOGLE SCHOLAR)

·          Appendices for supporting materials including:

A.     A detailed, professionally drawn site plan

B.     Professionally drawn elevations of all four sides of your building

C.     Professionally drawn floor plans

D.     Building Cross-sections and Detail-Drawings of particularly note-worthy Green architectural features

E.     (OPTIONAL) Manufacturer’s literature

F.     (OPTIONAL) Professionally written construction specifications appropriate for contactors to bid on project


Submit poster via email to professor (or if larger than 20Meg put in your public folder, and send professor email of where it is)

·          All engineering majors put a copy of your poster in your Digication Portfolio (i.e., “Engineering Portfolio”)

On presentation day, submit before you present:

1.     A printed stapled copy of your PowerPoint presentation; six slides per page

·          All engineering majors put a copy of your group’s paper and presentation in your Digication Portfolio (i.e., “Engineering Portfolio”)

2.     A printed stapled copy of your paper

·          All engineering majors put a copy of your group’s paper and presentation in your Digication Portfolio (i.e., “Engineering Portfolio”)

3.     Email your paper and presentation to me


Expectations for presentations

·          Minimize unnecessary details

·          A picture is worth a thousand words, and Architecture Presentations should be a visual as possible! 

·          Less than 30 words per slide

·          Don’t have too many slides

·          Ensure good contrast between text and background (will the lights be on?)

·          Put an image on every page (clip-art, photo, animation, a sketch) which is an abstraction of the subject

·          Don’t read from script or speak monotonically

·          Don’t have too many (or annoying) sound effects

·          Make eye contact with audience

·          Have a clear objective (to sell design, to motivate, or to report findings)

·          Have a good opener (an agenda, a quotation, a question, or a declaration)

·          Be organized and logical (present problem then solution; or have priorities – least-to-most or most-to-least)

·          Have audience’s expectations understood (provide meaning and/or motivation)

·          Have good transitions between main points

·          Have a good closing (summarize main ideas, restate purpose of presentation)

·          Be flexible (adapt if questions are asked during presentation)



Elizabethtown College welcomes students with disabilities to participate in all of its courses, programs, and activities.  If you have a documented disability and require accommodations to access course material, activities, or requirements, you must: (1) Contact the Director of Disability Services, Lynne Davies, in the Center for Student  Success, BSC 228, by phone (361-1227) or email daviesl@etown.edu; and (2) Meet with the instructor within two weeks of receiving a copy of the accommodation letter from Disability Services to discuss your accommodation needs and their implementation.


Academic Honesty

Elizabethtown College Pledge of Integrity: "Elizabethtown College is a community engaged in a living and learning experience, the foundation of which is mutual trust and respect. Therefore, we will strive to behave toward one another with respect for the rights of others, and we promise to represent as our work only that which is indeed our own, refraining from all forms of lying, plagiarizing, and cheating."